The first European settlement of Toronto was simply a continuation of patterns that had been in place for thousands of years. The Aboriginal occupants of the encampments and semi-permanent villages that lined the former water courses in the City left no written record of their lives. Their legacy consists of the oral histories and traditions passed on to descendants and the surviving traces of those settlements. This talk will summarise this rich archaeological record and discuss how the City of Toronto is ensuring its conservation.
Archaeological work in the Middle East during the 1930’s attained an air of adventure and romance through numerous novels and movies, not the least through the character of Indiana Jones. A period of well-funded expeditions that undertook large-scale excavations resulting in groundbreaking discoveries, these years could indeed be classified as a “Golden Age” of archaeology. The Diyala expedition, conducted by the University of Chicago’s Oriental Institute between 1930 and 1938, was one of the largest projects undertaken in Iraq. Using photographs and documents from the expedition’s archives this lecture follows this project’s remarkable story from its establishment, to its groundbreaking discoveries that still influence archaeological research today, the luxuries and hardships of life on site, and the expedition’s entanglements in European and Middle Eastern politics during the pre-World War II era.